Foot pain can stem from various sources, including injuries, excessive use, or ill-fitting footwear. Additionally, it may be linked to genetic predispositions or underlying health conditions like arthritis or diabetes. Here are some factors contributing to persistent foot discomfort:
- Achilles tendonitis can arise from repetitive strain or overuse of the Achilles tendon, located at the back of the leg, just above the heel.
- Arthritis induces pain and inflammation within the joints, particularly prevalent in the small joints of the foot and ankle.
- Osteoarthritis, a degenerative condition, results from the gradual breakdown of cartilage in the foot and ankle due to wear and tear.
- Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune ailment, affects joints throughout the body, including those in the feet. Non-healing wounds are also common in this condition.
- Complex regional pain syndrome is a persistent pain disorder typically occurring in one limb after an injury. It often accompanies prolonged, intense pain and alterations in skin temperature, color, or swelling of the affected limb.
- Gout, a type of arthritis, brings about sudden and intense pain, along with swelling, redness, and tenderness in the joints, frequently at the base of the big toe.
- Neuroma (also known as Morton’s neuroma) involves thickening of the tissue surrounding a nerve that links the toes to the remainder of the foot. This condition results in pain in the toes and the ball of the foot, often likened to walking on a small object like a marble.
- Peripheral neuropathy (diabetic neuropathy) emerges as a form of nerve damage associated with diabetes, causing sensations of tingling, numbness, or burning in the affected areas. This may eventually lead to a diminished sensation in your limbs.
- Plantar fasciitis (commonly referred to as heel pain) arises from inflammation of the plantar fascia, a band of tissue that extends along the length of the foot.
- Sesamoiditis denotes a type of tendinitis occurring on the underside of the forefoot, near the big toe. It is prevalent among ballet dancers, runners, and baseball catchers who place significant stress on the bones and tendons in the forefoot.
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome results from the compression of the nerve running from the inner side of the ankle to the foot.
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